Domesticated pig and tusks. 10 things to know!

Yes, it is a known fact that domestic pigs can develop tusks, but although, not all individual domestic pigs will have tusks.

Due to selective breeding which have been going on for thousands of years, domestic pigs are less likely to have tusk. Rather efficiency of pig production for meat, disease resistance, overall genetic improvement etc are the main focus here while certain features such as development of tusks are eliminated.

Again, pig farmers or pig pet owners often cut off their pig’s tusk permanently.

You might ask, what are tusks? Tusks are just elongated teeth that usually protrude from the mouth of wild boars
domesticated pigs.


but in some cases some domesticated pigs will at some point develop tusks just like the wild boars.

Female domesticated pigs are less likely to develop tusk like the male domesticated pigs. And the possibility or likelihood that a domesticated pig will ever develop a tusk will largely depend on several factors such as the breed and genetics of the pig in question.

But most times for several reasons, most farmers are known to remove this tusks. One of the reason is because of preventing the pig from causing injury to any one

Are domestic pigs born with tusks?

No, domestic pigs are not born with tusks rather domestic pigs that are likely to have tusks will start developing them from 6 to 8 months. There is the possibility that certain Domestic pigs that have been selectively bred for specific traits might not develop tusks or at times they could develop just little tusk.

Pigs that are castrated are less likely to develop tusk. higher levels of testosterone often influences the chances of developing tusks.

Please remember that Not every pig have tusks, the possibility depends on the breads and species of the pig.

Pigs that are known to often develop tusks are wild boars and feral pigs and this tusks do start growing when the piglets reaches the age of 6 months or just 8 months.

The tusk will start growing and are likely to grow long to several inches throughout the pig life.

regardless of gender or breed, pigs are meant to grow tusks.

Also, male pigs grow longer tusks than their female counterparts to the extent that some people believe that female pigs don’t have tusks.

Tusks help in identifying a hog’s gender, it is a very vital tool for the wild pigs (boar) as they use it to defend themselves and get food. However, since domestic pigs usually don’t need to fetch food for themselves nor defend against any strong attack, most farmers detusk their pigs when they are still piglets.

Why do domestic pigs not have tusks?

Not really, because Domestic pigs do sometimes have tusks, most especially if the domesticated pig in question is a male or rather if the pig have not been neutered.

However, is it worth knowing to note that many domestic pig don’t have tusk, this is true to the fact that they are sometimes selectively bred and this usually reduces the chances of them developing tusks

because it won’t be nice for domestic pigs to have these tusks which might pose a threat to other pigs or handlers and which wouldn’t be necessary for them to have due to the fact that they are not in the wild again where this tusks are needed to protect them against predators,dig for food or attract mates.

Rather than having tusks in captivity breeding programs are looking for other traits that will be beneficial to the pigs and human. Such traits are improving the meat quality, improving disease resistance, improvement on growth rate.

What pig breeds have tusks?

Naturally All pigs have tusks and are expected to be so but however how long this tusks are or should be are influenced by certain factors. This tusks are by nature long pointed teeth that grows from the mouth of the pig. When it comes to how long this tusk should be, it varies based on the breed of the pig in question.

Some specific type of breed of pigs like the wild boars for an example, naturally have longer tusks that are curvy than others. But when you take a look at most domestic pigs you find around, you will find out that they don’t have tusks or their tusks seems to be shorter,

this is true to the fact that they have been selectively bred to resist diseases and for meat production, and not to have tusks which possess danger.

Do all male pigs have tusks?

No, not all male pigs have tusks per say. The possibility of a pig having tusks depends on the breed and the genetic factors involved here.
However, males pigs are more likely to develop tusks than the females pigs. For an example, the male pig usually have higher level of testosterone which greatly influenced the presence and growth of tusks.

Main point of what i have said so far are:

  • Not all male pigs are likely to have tusks.
  • The possibility of a pig having tusks will depends on the breed.
  • If a pig belongs to a breed that develops tusks, it is not a must that all pigs (male and female) in that group of breed must have tusks.
  • Wild boars normally have tusks. They need this for defence purposes,digging, finding foods and attracting mates.

Note: there is selective breeding in place, where pigs are bred for specific purpose. Like for meat production, diseases resistance, and development of certain features. This breeding often prevents pigs from having tusks because tusks aren’t needed when the pigs are in captivity.

Do all female pigs get tusks?

Actually female pigs do have tusks but however, not all female pigs do have tusks. Certain factors still influence or increase the chances of a pig to have tusk.

Like for an example, domesticated pigs which are pigs that are not found in the wild have been selectively bred thus they are not likely to have tusk and if they do their tusks are smaller than what you get from wild pigs.

In conclusion, female domestic pigs are not likely to have tusks or their tusk might be smaller if they have it eventually. All thanks to selective breeding.

But when it comes to female wild pigs also called sows ; they do have tusks just like the males. It is necessary for them to have tusks because this is their number one defensive weapon.

When did pigs lose their tusks?

Pigs usually lose their tusks whenever they are in captivity. As most handlers and owners prefer to either trim or permanently remove the tusks.

What happens when you release a pig in the wild?

What happens when you release a pig in the wild depends on whether you removed the tusks permanently or you’ve been trimming it.

Research shows that it takes hundreds of years to domesticate pigs. But generally, whenever a pig is released in the wild, it takes only a few months to revert to wild boar. It will become hairy, grow tusks and get aggressive. Pigs are very adaptive.

If you’d permanently removed the pig’s tusk, the released pig won’t grow tusk even though it may become hairy and aggressive. However, the offspring will grow tusk and become as aggressive as wild boar.

If you’ve been trimming the pig’s tusks, it will revert to a wild boar.

Can a domesticated pig survive in the wild?

Yes, they are very adaptive.

And they revert easily. Especially if their tusks weren’t permanently removed. In the shortest possible time, they grow all the features they need to survive in the wild and become just as aggressive as the wild boar.

Can domestic pigs turn into boars?


Even though it takes hundreds of years to breed the domestic pig that will have today, domestic pigs only need to spend some months in the wild to turn feral. The previously domesticated pig will grow tusks, have thick hair and become aggressive.

Wrapping Up:

Domesticated pigs are ungulate mammals. Since they are adaptive, they can be kept as livestock or pets. You have learnt all you need to know about domesticated pigs and tusks in this article. But yet, if you intend to rear or keep a pig as a pet, we recommend that you consult an expert.

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